Introduction to the USA

The United States of America (USA) is a federal constitutional republic comprised of fifty states. Its capital is Washington D.C and is named after the countries first president George Washington. It lies between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and is bordered by Canada to the North and Mexico to the South. The population of the US is estimated at 312 million people, making it the third largest country by area and the third largest by both land and population density. The US is very much a multicultural society but its main language is English. Its currency is the US dollar.

Since the end of the Second World War the US has become the most influential nation on the planet, and after the cold war the US is the only remaining superpower in the world, home to the biggest economy on Earth. The United States is home to some of the world’s most successful global brands such as Coca Cola, McDonalds and many other food related products.

The US was once a part of the British Empire; the original thirteen colonies were administrated by Britain. Eventually tensions grew between the colonists and the Empire culminating in the American war of independence which began in 1775 to 1781. The thirteen colonies became the first states and as the years by millions of immigrants arrived in the country until eventually the thirteen became the present day fifty states.

The US is the world’s oldest surviving federation. It is a constitutional republic and represents able democracy. The political system is comprised of three elements; the senate or federal, the executive or the President and Judicial which is comprised of the Supreme Court. Unlike many other countries the US only has two political parties, the Republicans and the Democrats.

The country is home to a vast variety of geographic features. The coastal plains of the Atlantic seaboard turn into deciduous forests and rolling hills the more inland you get. The Appalachian Mountains divide the East of the country from the Great Plains and grasslands. The heart of the country is split by the fourth longest river on Earth the Mississippi. West of the plains is the Rocky Mountains home to the Grand Canyon. In the far west are the Mojave Desert and the pacific coast.