Introduction to Canada

The capital city is Ottawa; it was founded in 1826 and was named as the country’s capital by Queen Victoria in 1857. The country belonged to the British Empire until its independence in 1982. It remains as part of the commonwealth and its head of state is Queen Elizabeth the second.

The population of Canada is estimated at 34 million people but its population density is one of the lowest in the world. Canada is the second largest country on the planet behind Russia, measuring at an area of 3.8 million sq. miles or 9.9 million sq. Km. It has the longest coastline in the world and uses the coast as a basis for its economic success.

Canada is officially a bilingual country with English and French classed as its official languages.

Canada occupies the northern part of the American north continent and is bordered to the South with the United States and to the West the US state of Alaska.

Canada has more large lakes than anywhere else with 31,700. These lakes contain a large proportion of all the fresh water on Earth. In the Canadian there are vast fresh water glacier slowly moving through the landscape. Canada is geologically active, experiencing regular earthquakes and home to many volcanoes.  In 1775 the Tseax volcano erupted killing 2,000 native people and destroying a town in the Nass River valley, making it the worst natural disaster in Canadian history.