Introduction to Australia
The capital city of Australia is Canberra, it was created in 1901 when it was decided that a new capital was needed. The population of Australia is estimated at 22 million people, but the population density is one of the smallest in the world with only 2 people per square kilometre. The vast majority of language used is English, and the national currency is Australian Dollars (AUD).
Australia is an island and New Zealand is its closest neighbour. Due to its vast size Australia has 3 different time zones. New South Wales, ACT, Victoria, Tasmania and Queensland all operate on Eastern Standard Time (EST). The Central States of South Australia and the Northern Territory operate on Central Standard Time (CST). Finally, Western Standard Time (WST) covers Western Australia.
Sydney, Perth, Brisbane, Melbourne, and Adelaide are the country’s major cities and they house the large majority of the population. Around 80% of the population live near the coast, and the beach plays a major part in Australian culture and national identity. More than a quarter of Australia’s population are estimated to have been born overseas, this fact illuminates the extreme popularity of Australia as a destination for emigration.
Australia has more than 7,000 beaches and many of them are among the most beautiful in the world. Over 95% of the world’s opal comes from Australia and the country is extremely rich in the currency of precious stones, as such mining is one of the most lucrative occupations. The economy is one of the strongest in the world and the high interest rates of the national bank attract huge revenues of funds in the currency exchange market.
The country is made up largely of flat land and deserts inland; it is one of the driest countries in the world. The desert is the natural habitat to many dangerous creatures: venomous snakes, dingoes, scorpions etc. Australia is very famous for other animals too such as the koala bear, kangaroo and the wombat. On the north east coast the Great Barrier Reef, one of the natural wonders of the world, extends for more than 2000 kilometres; incredibly it can be seen from space.