Introduction to the United Kingdom (UK)
The United Kingdom is comprised of the four unified nations of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It is also often referred to as Great Britain. The country is an island nation located off the northwestern shore of continental Europe. To the West is the vast Atlantic Ocean and the Republic of Ireland, to the South are France and Spain, to the East is Western Europe and to the North is the North Sea and Arctic circle.
The UK is one of the world’s leading powers, being a founding member of the United Nations, NATO and the Commonwealth of nations. It has the world’s seventh-largest economy by Gross domestic product, and was the world’s first industrialized power.
The UK has a long history, and was once the globes leading superpower having administered the largest Empire the world has ever seen.
Today, it is a shadow of its former greatness but remains one of the leading nations on the global stage being a popular destination for tourists and immigrants alike.
The UK is still referred to as a great power, and retains considerable economic, cultural, military, scientific and political influence internationally. It is a recognised nuclear power and its military expenditure is the fourth highest in the world.