United Arab Emirates Climate
The UAE is located in Southwest Asia bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf and is situated between Saudi Arabia and Oman. To the northwest the UAE shares a border with Qatar, Saudi Arabia to the West, south and southwest and Oman to the southeast and northeast. The total area of the country is approximately 83,600 square kilometres. Unusually the exact size of the country is unknown to a border dispute with Qatar.
Due to its location the climate of the UAE is hot and dry with the hottest months being July and August when the average maximum temperature can reach 40 °C. In the mountainous regions of Al Hajar the temperature tends to be a lot lower due to the altitude. Average winter temperatures between January and February are between 10 and 14°C.
In the late summer months a humid south-western wind called the Sharqi hits the country making conditions blistering hot. Rainfall is low right across the country; you are more likely to get caught in a sandstorm than a rain shower.
Some years are totally dry and in these years it is only the formation of dew that enables wildlife to survive. When rain does come to the country it is often in short, torrential bursts that sometimes results in floods in normally dry wadi dry beds. A very real danger in the UAE is the occasionally violent and disruptive sandstorms, which can severely reduce visibility, cause breathing difficulties and clog up machinery.