Due to Turkey’s geographical location the nation’s climate varies greatly depending on your location with each region having its own type of weather. Coastal regions tend to be warm for most of the year the inland areas of the Anatolian plane however experience hot dry summers and freezing cold winters. In the Marmara region which is home to the city of Istanbul the climate is moderate with warm summers and winters where the temperature can plunge below zero.
In Western Anatolia there is a mild Mediterranean climate with average temperatures of 9 °C in winter and 29°C in the summer. Central Anatolia is a steppe climate with great differences between daytime and night-time temperatures, with less rainfall and higher amounts of snowfall. The East and South-East regions of Anatolia suffer from long hard winters where year after year snow lies on the ground from November until the end of April (the average temperature in winter is -13°C and in summer 17°C).
The Turkish Black Sea coast receives the greatest amount of precipitation and is the only region of Turkey that receives high precipitation throughout the year. The eastern part of that coast averages 2,500 millimetres annually which is the highest precipitation in the country.
Turkey’s average temperature is 11.8 °C.
The range of average monthly temperatures is 23°C.
The coolest average temperature is -4°C in January.
The warmest average high temperature is 30°C in July and August.
The wettest month tends to be May.