Introduction to Greece
Greece is home to the birthplace of Western civilization and some of the most historical sites in the world. The nation’s official name is the Hellenic republic and is located in the South of Europe and despite its location next to Turkey is classed as a western European nation. The nation’s capital is Athens and it’s the largest city in the country. Greece is made up of a whopping 1,400 islands making it the 11th longest coastline in the world. These include Crete, Rhodes, the Dodecanese, the Cyclades and the Ionian islands. Greece is one of the hilliest regions in Europe with its landmass being 80% mountainous.
Greece has land borders with the republic of Macedon, Bulgaria and Albania to the North and Turkey to the East. Present day Greece traces its origins to the ancient Greek culture that created Democracy, literature, political science, mathematical principles and the Olympic Games. Greece is a perfect place for history buffs and fans of culture. UNESCO has seventeen World heritage sites located in the country, ranking it the 7th European country with the most sites.
Despite its links with ancient Greece, modern day Greece was only formed in 1830 following a war of independence against the Turkish Ottoman Empire. Prior to the Ottomans Greece was absorbed by several Empires, the most famous being the Roman and Byzantine Empires.
In recent years Greece has been in financial turmoil. The Greek economy is close to collapse and uncertainty abounds whether it will stay in the Euro single currency. Despite the problems the country is facing, Greece is still a popular destination for expats and tourists.