Germany has a moderate climate and few protracted periods of particularly cold or hot weather, although this does vary regionally. Generally, extremes of temperature are more common in the south of the nation than the north. It rains across the country year round.
North-westerly and coastal German regions typically enjoy warm summers and mild winters. Inland the climate is generally more continental with a sharper seasonal differentiation. In the extreme south of Germany there is what’s known as a ‘mountain climate’ which is characterised by lower temperatures caused by the higher altitude.
The average temperature in Germany in January is about -2°C in the south and roughly 1.5°C in the north. In July the north can achieve temperatures of up to 18°C whilst temperatures in the south commonly hit 20°C or slightly higher.