Egyptian weather is generally hot and dry with very little rainfall most months of the year. Whilst cities like Alexandria receive roughly 19cm of rainfall annually Cairo gets just 1cm and some areas to the south don’t receive any rainfall for five years or more at a time.
Egypt experiences two seasons, November to April is mid-winter whilst May to October is summer. Typically January, February and December are the coldest months of the year across Egypt.
At night temperatures drop perceptibly, particularly in the country’s desert regions.
A unique aspect of the Egyptian climate is the hot spring winds, known as the Khamsin in Egypt. The winds commonly begin in April and move across the country at high speeds, often bringing large quantities of dust and sand with them.